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EE 545 : Citation styles

A course guide to support the assignments in EE 545 and EE 548

General Information

Style Manuals and Citation Methods

Instructions are included at this site for the major humanities and social science citation styles APA and MLA.

Why cite?

"Whenever you quote, summarize, paraphrase or refer to the work of another person you need to cite it. Citing is the way to give credit to other's work when you use it in your papers, speeches and projects. Citing other's work is a very important step in the academic writing process and the best way to avoid plagiarism.

Tip: You do not have to cite anything that is considered common knowledge such as dates of events, well known facts, etc."


What needs to be cited?

Any time you use someone else's words you need to cite either as direct quotes or summaries.. This includes:

  • journal articles, newspaper articles or magazine articles
  • books or book chapters
  • web sites and web pages
  • encyclopedias
  • government documents
  • emails, interviews or speeches
  • all ideas or words in any format that are not your own



Citation Styles in Engineering

There is no general style that covers all of the engineerng disciplines.  The style that you will use despend on the major professional association - in this case IEEE.

IEEE style format

IEEE template for papers

Go to - and search for US Letter

Ref Works will generate your bibliography in IEEE Style BUT it is your responsibility to ensure that it is accurate. Occassionally there are errors in any automated citation generators.




Summaries of Format Rules for Citations