Skip to Main Content

Citing Guide for Business (APA 7th ed.): Reference List Citations

The research guide is a concise resource to help you implement APA Style 7th ed. guidelines. It covers formatting in-text citations and reference lists, providing clear examples for both.

 

Reference List Citations

One of the essential components of a well-formatted APA paper is the reference list, which appears at the end of your work. The reference list provides a comprehensive record of all the sources you cited throughout your paper, allowing your readers to locate and consult the original materials.

#Citing Business Databases

Mergent Online

+

*There are no authors or editors listed for the Mergent Online database. If a source has no author, begin with the title, and follow it with the date in parentheses.

Citing a company profile:

Nike, Inc. (n.d.). Mergent Online. Retrieved June 3, 2020.

Parenthetical citation: (Nike Inc., n.d.)
Narrative citation: Nike, Inc. (n.d.)

Citing a section of a company profile:

Nike, Inc. [Competitors]. (n.d.). Mergent Online. Retrieved June 3, 2020.

Parenthetical citation: (Nike Inc. [Competitors], n.d.)
Narrative citation: Nike, Inc. [Competitors] (n.d.)

Citing an industry report:

North America Industry Report: Banking. (2022). Mergent Online. Retrieved June 3, 2020.

Parenthetical citation: (North America Industry Report: Banking, 2022)
Narrative citation: North America Industry Report: Banking (2022)

IBISWorld

+
Citing an IBISWorld report:

Ristoff, J. (2023). Fast Food Restaurants in the U.S.  (US 72221A). IBISWorld. Retrieved October 2, 2023.

Parenthetical citation: (Ristoff, 2023)
Narrative citation: Ristoff (2023)

MarketResearch.com

+
Citing a report :

Ristoff, J. (2023). Fast Food Restaurants in the U.S.  (US 72221A). IBISWorld. Retrieved October 2, 2023.

Parenthetical citation: (Ristoff, 2023)
Narrative citation: Ristoff (2023)


 

Want more information? Visit the Reference Examples webpage from APA.

Important Terms

Reference list: A complete list of the sources an author refers to in their paper. This list goes at the end of the paper.

Source type: The category that represents who created and published a source, such as a newspaper, magazine, or scholarly journal. 

Citation Generators

Credits

This research guide is adapted from APA 7th edition citation for business sources

Schemm, N., Dellenbach, M., Grisham, Z., Hageman, M., Tingle, N., Trowbridge, M., & Wheatley, A. (2020). APA 7th ed. citation for business sources