Skip to Main Content

FSCI Food Science Subject Guide

A guide for finding Food Science information to support your academic research and coursework

APA 7 Style Guides

APA 7 Style Guides


  • Cite your sources using APA 7
  • Use the APA 7 Purdue Owl Tutorial. Click the tab on the left-hand side of the screen
  • Easy to find samples on everything you need to cite
  • APA 7 Journal Articles, Books, and Edited Book Chapters sample citations
  • APA 7 Common Reference Examples Guide

APA Journal Article Citation


APA Journal Article Citation Example

The journal article citation begins with the authors last name followed by a comma, then their initials followed by a period. Multiple authors are separated using a comma. An ampersand (&) instead of “and” between two authors or between the second to last and last authors. Next, the publication year is enclosed inside parentheses and followed with a period. Next is the article title in sentence style caps including the subtitle followed by a period. The article title is followed by the journal title and is in headline style caps and italics followed by a comma then the journal volume number is in italics followed by the issue number enclosed in parentheses but not in italics, then followed by a comma. Next is the inclusive page range of the article followed by a period. The reference citation ends with the doi number assigned to the article. For in-text parenthetical citations of works by two authors enclose the authors last names separated by an ampersand (&) instead of the word “and” followed by a comma then the publication year inside parentheses. For in-text narrative citations use the author’s last name(s) separated by the word “and” directly followed by the publication year enclosed inside parentheses.

APA Book or eBook citation

                                                   Whole book or eBook APA citationThe citation begins with the author's last name, then the first initial, separated by a comma, then followed by a period. The publication date is enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. The book's title is in italics and sentence style caps followed by a period. Next is the publisher followed by a period. Omit the publisher location. The citation is ended with the DOI, Digital Object Identifier and no punctuation

Website vs. Webpage

Webpage vs. Website

Google Search: best sources of plant protein

Webpage example (Hint: a webpage URL has an extension)

Website example (Hint: a website does not have an extension in the URL to a separate page)


Webpage example:

In this example the U.S. Department of Agriculture is the website.  Below the agency name, and above the title of the webpage you will find the sequence of pages within the website that leads you to that page. As a rule for siting websites by government agencies, use the agency responsible for the web page as the author.


Webpage vs. Website comparison chart

The following chart compares the differences between a web page and a website.  The quickest way to be sure whether you are citing a webpage or a website is to look for an extension in the URL of a web page.  See the example above highlighted in red.

the chart compares the differences between a webpage and a website. A basic webpage is part of a website which comprises links to other webpages. A basic website is a cluster of related webpages addressed to a typical URL. Multiple webpages can have the same name if they reside in different documents. A website is presented by a unique URL. A website is a place to display content. A webpage is content to be displayed on a website. The webpage URL has an extension of its own. A website does not have an extension used in the URL..

Avoiding Plagiarism


Avoiding Plagiarism

APA 7 Purdue Owl Tutorial